By Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, National Research Council
This record addresses an issue of famous coverage predicament. To catch the advantages of tremendous U.S. investments in biomedical R&D, parallel investments in quite a lot of likely unrelated disciplines also are required. This document summarizes a tremendous convention that reviewed our nation's R&D aid for biotechnology and knowledge applied sciences. the quantity comprises newly commissioned examine and makes ideas and findings about the vital courting among info applied sciences and biotechnology. It emphasizes the autumn off in R&D investments had to maintain the expansion of the U.S. economic system and to capitalize at the turning out to be funding in biomedicine. It additionally encourages better help for inter-disciplinary education to help new parts corresponding to bio-informatics and urges extra emphasis on and help for multi-disciplinary learn facilities.
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Extra info for Capitalizing on New Needs and New Opportunities: Government - Industry Partnerships in Biotechnology and Information Technologies (Compass Series (Washington, D.C.).)
3See Charles F. Larson, “The Boom in Industry Research,” Issues in Science and Technology, Summer 2000, p. 27. With the exception of pharmaceuticals, only a small fraction, (for example, less than four percent in computers and semiconductors) of corporate R&D is classified as basic research. : National Academy Press, 2001, p. 4. A. Merrill. “Recent Trends in Federal Spending on Scientific and Engineering Research: Impacts on Research Fields and Graduate Training,” Appendix A in National Research Council, Securing America’s Industrial Strength.
267-311. 11 They found that patenting is especially important in the biotechnology sector, because it is often the sole asset of a young start-up venture. On the other hand, patenting seems to be less important in the computing and information technology sectors, because companies in these industries tend to rely on trade secrecy and long lead times to protect intellectual property. In that situation, giving universities exclusive rights to research results will have little effect and may even inhibit commercial exploitation of publicly funded research, noted Drs.
A. Merrill. “Recent Trends in Federal Spending on Scientific and Engineering Research: Impacts on Research Fields and Graduate Training,” op. , Table A-1. 3. 8See National Research Council, Trends in Federal Support of Research and Graduate Education, op. , p. 2 9Ibid. C. Panel presentations and discussion centered on four related topics. These were (1) the nature and emerging trends of the federal research portfolio in biotechnology and information technology, (2) historical perspectives on federal support for these sectors, (3) new needs and emergent opportunities in biotechnology and information technology, and (4) how the United States might best meet these needs and capture potential benefits.
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