By Toni Erskine
Can associations (in the experience of formal companies) undergo tasks and be ascribed blame within the comparable means that we comprehend person humans to be morally chargeable for activities? the belief of the "institutional ethical agent" is significantly tested within the guise of states, transnational businesses, the UN, NATO and foreign society within the context of a few of the main severe and debated concerns and occasions in diplomacy, together with the Kosovo crusade, improvement relief, and genocide in Rwanda.
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Extra info for Can Institutions Have Responsibilities?: Collective Moral Agency and International Relations (Global Issues)
P. 22. French, p. 127. In addition to the relative weakness of the decision-making structure of quasi-states, one might also examine the nature of these structures. Indeed, the implications of different types of organizational and decision-making structures are brought into sharper relief when the class of quasi-states is examined. Many quasi-states have forms of government that are aptly described as exercising despotic rule. Instead of decision-making structures truly representing the collectivity, they embody the intent of the few who hold absolute power.
Moreover, the membership of the state – in the form of its citizens – is not determinate. Indeed, citizens are born, die, immigrate, and emigrate without affecting the identity of the state. The understanding of the state as an institutional moral agent entails that the state is also irreducible to the current government. 23 In fulfilment of the second criterion, the state can deliberate and arrive at a unified course of action. Indeed, the state has a capacity for reasoning and decision-making that is akin to that of the human individual.
P. 177. D. Williams, ‘Aid and Sovereignty: Quasi-States and the International Financial Institutions’, Review of International Studies, XXVI (2000) 557–73. See Goldsmith for an overview of positions. N. van de Walle, ‘Economic Reform in a Democratizing Africa’, Comparative Politics, XXXII (1999) 21–41 (p. 29). Ndulu and O’Connell, p. 64. V. Haksar, ‘Moral Agents’, in E. ), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Volume VI (London/New York: Routledge, 1998), pp. 499–504 (p. 499). C. M. Warner, ‘A Reply to A.
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