Download Business Ratios and Formulas: A Comprehensive Guide by Steven M. Bragg PDF

By Steven M. Bragg

Required studying for someone beginning, operating, or growing to be a enterprise, enterprise Ratios and formulation, moment version places solutions on the fingertips of industrial managers, with approximately 250 operational standards and transparent, easy-to-understand reasons that may be used straight away. the second one version comprises nearly fifty new ratios and formulation, in addition to new chapters overlaying ratios and formulation for e-commerce and human assets.

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6. However, the returns attributable to the December sales month occur in January, which therefore still appear in the March three-month rolling measurement when the corresponding sales have dropped out; to avoid this problem, reporting the measure could be delayed by one month on an ongoing basis, so that the most recent month’s returns could be divided by the sales from the preceding month. Cautions: The amount of sales returns can be masked, rendering this ratio less informative. For example, a company can offer free extra products or services to a customer who wishes to make a return rather than accepting the returned goods.

Formula: Add together the cost of all discretionary benefit costs, minus the cost of any related deductions from employee pay, and divide this amount by the total of all wages, salaries, and payroll taxes. The formula is as follows: Life insurance + Medical insurance + Pension funding expense + Other benefits ————————————————————————————————— Wages + Salaries + Payroll taxes Example: The Associated Grocers Corporation (AGC) is considering a hostile takeover of the Federated Grocers Corporation (FGC).

The formula is: Sales —————————————————— Stockholders’ equity + Long-term liabilities Example: The CFO of Saint Nick & Elves, purveyors of fine crystal figurines, has asked a select group of current investors to invest an additional $400,000 in the company. They want to see if the company has made efficient use of their money in the past and therefore create the investment turnover calculation for the past few years to see if there is a trend in the level of sales efficiency. 17. The turnover ratio is clearly improving over time, which might lead investors to invest the requested $400,000.

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