Download British Moralists: 1650-1800 by D. D. Raphael PDF

By D. D. Raphael

Volumes:1. Hobbes - homosexual; 2. Hume - Bentham, and Index.

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But although there are countless things that could be picked out from a knowledge of the universe for the material of particular precepts directing the formation of morals, I have thought it best to select only a -82- 107 pauca tantum, eaque generalissima seligere, quae generalem, quam initio proposui, legum naturae descriptionem aliquatenus explicent, et in unico dictamine, omnium legum naturalium parente, paulo apertius continentur. Illud autem ita se habet. ' Sensus hujus propositionis (1) recte explicandus, est.

Lex naturae est propositio a natura rerum ex voluntate begin this chapter with a definition of natural law. A law of nature is a proposition quite clearly presented to, or impressed upon, the mind by the nature of things from -93Primae Causae menti satis aperte oblata vel impressa, actionem indicans bono rationalium communi deservientem, quam si praestetur praemia, sin negligatur, poenae sufficientes ex natura rationalium sequuntur. Hujus definitionis pars prior praeceptum, posterior sanctionem continet: et utraque a natura rerum imprimitur.

Et quanquam contingat ut diversi homines pro diversis animorum, et corporum viribus, immo ut iidem in diversis circumstantiis positi, nunc plus nunc minus possint ad commune bonum: lex tamen naturalis satis observatur, et finis ejus obtinetur, si quantum quisque in datis circumstantiis valeat, praestetur. Verum latior hujus sententiae explicatio in sequentibus occurret. in respect of both. But I have added. 'so far as it can be produced by them themselves' to indicate that the advantages of external things are often not within our power although they are required for the happiness of animal life; and to indicate also that no other means of assistance towards a life of bliss are to be looked for from the laws of nature and of moral philosophy than precepts about action and those objects of action that are within our power.

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