By Jan Nuyts
This e-book is set a conception of language that mixes observations (1) that language relies on an in depth cognitive infrastructure (cognitivism) and (2) that it's practical for its consumer (functionalism). those observations are considered as dimensions of 1 phenomenon that either must be accounted for, at the same time and coherently, in accounting for language. bankruptcy 1 provides the cognitivist and functionalist issues of view and their interrelation and discusses the combination of language learn less than a cognitive umbrella; the difficulty of defining 'functions of language', and the formalism-functionalism debate. bankruptcy 2 criticizes the Chomskyan formalist belief of language and cognition from the viewpoint of cognitive-pragmatic conception. the point of interest is on assorted features of the competence-performance dichotomy, and specifically at the nature of linguistic wisdom. The ontogenesis and phylogenesis of language also are mentioned. bankruptcy three offers with the aptitude contribution of a functional-linguistic grammar to an built-in notion of the cognitive structures of language, viz. Dik's useful Grammar, and introduces the concept that of a sensible Procedural Grammar as a extra integrative version for language creation. distinct realization can be paid to the character of conceptual wisdom and the connection among language construction and interpretation. the talk is illustrated by way of an research of negative-raising.
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Additional info for Aspects of a Cognitive-Pragmatic Theory of Language: On Cognition, Functionalism and Grammar
This is obviously a matter of perspective, for a human being is both. One cannot be a socially acting individual without having knowledge, and vice versa. 14 It is precisely on the basis of the integration advocated above of subdisciplines of the language sciences such as linguistics and language psychology that such decisions can be brought closer. ] it follows that the linguist's theory is subject to the requirement that it harmonize with the psychologist's theories. g. Watt 1974). [Hence, this] requirement enables us to refute a linguistic theory if we can find psychological theories or facts that are inconsistent with it.
The Platonist is the only one who can say, as Frege said in a similar connection, 'We have here a hitherto unknown type of madness'. ] to be false. (Katz 1984: 41) Yet first of all, everybody knowing English perceives (1) to be necessarily true, hence a cognitive theory claiming the opposite is patently false. Secondly, it is ELEMENTS OF THE THEORY 21 evident that (1) (or its equivalent in other languages) is necessarily true due to our perception of the world. In as far as other beings have a conception of the world in which (1) is not true, (1) is no longer 'true no matter what'.
To a certain degree one is not even able to avoid it, since part of one's 'internal life', and part of the ways it is marked in behavior, are beyond control. Moreover, one's true emotions, personality, etc. will also be reflected in the way one tries to control or feign emotion, personality, etc. in behavior. Marking of the emitter in behavior is as unavoidable as the presence of an emitter to produce behavior. The proposal by Jakobson (1960) might be a case of a function typology which ends up stating functions at a different level from the one intended.
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