By Robin Barrow
This booklet provides and argues for an ethical thought which attracts on many of the significant theoretical positions to a point, however it additionally spells out the boundaries and limits of an ethical concept. In doing so, it exposes a couple of universal confusions and misunderstandings approximately morality, and offers a robust argument for a few undeniable truths with regards to the ethical sphere. Divided into 4 components, the ebook covers the major concerns inside of ethical philosophy: part one offers a lucid and strong account of the character and boundaries of ethical conception, sharply distinguishing it from faith part two outlines a good ethical conception by means of exploring the defining rules of morality and the explanations for being ethical part three distinguishes ethical values from others corresponding to ecological, overall healthiness and safeguard and sexual values part four is anxious with the results of our ethical figuring out for ethical schooling. whereas this e-book concentrates on argument and ideas, a statement to every bankruptcy offers old context and modern reference issues. it is going to end up a useful source for college students of either schooling and Philosophy.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Moral Philosophy and Moral Education
Yes, there is still room for debate about what constitutes well-being or happiness. But surely at least a part of the reasoning that explains and justifies the claim that one ought to tell the truth or perform any moral act is that this is for our collective well-being. In the past some philosophers have been drawn to what are called social contract theories and in recent years there has been revived interest in modification of such theories. The essence of these theories is not generally the historical claim that contracts were in fact made between citizens, but rather that moral theories or moral laws can be seen as what self-interested individuals would agree to in terms of co-operation, sometimes given what they may be presumed to know, sometimes assuming that they don’t know anything of moment.
Ronald Hayman’s brief essay Nietzsche: Nietzsche’s Voices and Michael Tanner Nietzsche: a Very Short Introduction are helpful. For Nietzsche’s educational philosophy, see David E. Cooper Authenticity and Learning. Plato’s Republic was regarded by Jean-Jacques Rousseau as the finest educational treatise ever written and it is certainly the first extant. Formally, its subject matter is the ideal state and the nature of justice within both the state and the individual. N. Integrity: a shared moral value 31 Whitehead referred to the entire history of Western philosophy as a series of footnotes to Plato.
A quotation from a character in Jill Paton Walsh’s novel Debts of Dishonour (p. 256) seems to take a different view on hypocrisy: ‘Don’t be a hypocrite, Martin. ’ This suggests that for the speaker the very taking of a moral stance may indicate hypocrisy. But I presume that even in a case like this the speaker, while drawing a distinction between self-interest and the moral, nonetheless feels that to be hypocritical about this distinction is somehow even more morally degenerate. ) The conclusion to the first part of this chapter is deceptively simple, for it gives us a fact about morality, namely that sincere and principled conduct is a necessary, though not a sufficient, condition of morality.
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