By B.A. Lustig, B.A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny
The creation situates particular non secular and coverage discussions of 4 wide parts of biotechnology in the context of the wider dialog on techniques of nature set forth in quantity One. Our introductory evaluate stories key points of modern spiritual and moral discussions of 4 components: biotechnology and assisted replica, biotechnology and genetic enhancement, biotechnology and human-machine incorporation, and biotechnology and biodiversity. It additionally attracts hyperlinks among these numerous discussions in mild of a few theological subject matters and casuistical emphases. The advent additionally reports the 4 coverage chapters, each one associated with the conceptual bankruptcy written at the related quarter of biotechnology, and indicates the ways in which coverage offerings in those components will be illumined through extra targeted cognizance on spiritual views.
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Extra resources for Altering Nature: Volume II: Religion, Biotechnology, and Public Policy (Philosophy and Medicine, 98)
In either case, zygotes may develop into embryos, descend into the uterus, and implant there. In vitro fertilization (IVF): Commonly known as the “test-tube baby” procedure, in vitro fertilization is particularly helpful for women with blocked fallopian tubes. It too begins with a drug regimen to induce superovulation; in this case, however, the harvested ova are mixed with homologous or donor sperm and cultured for 48–72 hours. At the end of this period, the physician removes a small number of embryos from the culture dish and transfers them to the woman’s uterus through a catheter, where one or several may implant and grow normally.
32 C. Traina et al. under an apparently univocal official policy, making it important to examine relationships of local belief and practice to religious authority very closely. Although all these traditions agree that moral goodness entails following nature in some sense, they do not agree on whether “nature” mandates, permits, or only tolerates marriage and childbearing. One can imagine a great willingness to use ARTs to fulfill the narrow requirements of family structure at one end of the range and a great degree of flexibility in family configuration, either with or without acceptance of ARTs, at the other.
Roman Catholic moral theology founds procreation on marital sexual union, implying that all people are to limit sexual gratification to marital intercourse, that married couples are to be spiritually and emotionally open to parenthood in general, and that they are to leave each act of intercourse physically open to procreation. Conversely, they are forbidden to conceive other than by marital intercourse, although they are welcome to create or expand their families through adoption. Thus the vision of the ideal family is identical to the Sunni Muslim ideal, but the theology behind it both weakens the mandate to procreate and elevates the link between sexual relations and procreation, making it difficult to justify use of ARTs.
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