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By C. Ives, B. Bedford

Acquiring global nutrition safety and nutrition self-reliance for the constructing international locations is a posh and hard job, yet with elevated study and schooling, agricultural creation in constructing international locations should be more advantageous. Biotechnology purposes, built-in into conventional structures, carry a lot promise during this appreciate. figuring out the confident effect of biotechnology will depend on the facility of constructing international locations to entry and generate know-how that is appropriate to their wishes. even though, executive regulations won't motivate funding in public quarter agricultural study and the non-public area is frequently underdeveloped. This booklet is the made of a convention, held in California in April 1997, less than the auspices of the rural Biotechnology for Sustainable productiveness (ABSP) undertaking. It offers a large evaluate of the newest study and purposes and coverage requisites for biotechnology in constructing nations. the problems of foodstuff safeguard, skill construction, highbrow estate rights, expertise move, biosafety and the necessity for personal zone firm are addressed. This e-book is key studying for coverage makers, researchers in agricultural biotechnology, economists, and extension staff.

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3. Agricultural Genetic Engineering Research Institute (AGERI). Agricultural Development in Egypt through Genetic Engineering 21 Molecular plant pathology Molecular manipulation and gene transfer Plant molecular biology Molecular genetics and genome mapping Micropropagation technology Plant cellular and molecular genetics Immunology and diagnostics Nucleic acid research and protein structure Gene expression Biocomputing and networks unit Fig. 4. Functional laboratories at AGERI. To establish the core nucleus of biotechnology in Egypt, AGERI is adopting the most recent technologies available worldwide and applying them to address existing challenges in Egyptian agriculture (Fig.

Mapping the rapeseed genome in order to develop cultivars adapted to the constraints of the Egyptian environment and thus securing a good source of edible oil. • Developing efficient diagnostic tools for the identification and characterization of major viruses in Egypt. These projects are relevant to Egyptian agriculture since they reflect a significant positive impact on agricultural productivity and foreign exchange. To illustrate, Egyptian Bt transgenic cotton, resistant to major insect pests, would result in substantial savings of US$50 million spent annually on the purchase of imported pesticides.

To date, the greatest achievements have been in medicine and healthcare, followed closely by agriculture. Wardani and Budianto (1996) list the priority areas for agricultural biotechnology established by the National Research Council (NRC). They point out that priority setting is crucial to optimize the use of scarce resources from both government and international sources, and they identify the criteria for the establishment of priorities for agricultural biotechnology. Biotechnology must: (i) play a significant role in the innovation and development of science and technology; (ii) have a comparative advantage in solving constraints related to agricultural objectives; (iii) improve the capacity and capability of national institutions in the acquisition, development and utilization of science and technology; and (iv) optimize the use of resources through integrated research among institutes and/or among disciplines at the national, regional or international level.

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