Download Achievement Motivation: Recent Trends in Theory and Research by Leslie J. Fyans Jr. (auth.), Leslie J. Fyans Jr. (eds.) PDF

By Leslie J. Fyans Jr. (auth.), Leslie J. Fyans Jr. (eds.)

This e-book began as a symposium on success Motiva­ tion on the 1978 American academic learn organization conference. The members in that symposium have been Jack Atkinson, Martin Maehr, Dick De Charms, Joel Raynor, and Dave Hunt. the following reaction to that symposium indicated a "coming of age" for motivation thought when it comes to schooling. quickly in a while, at a Motivation in schooling convention at college of Michigan, Ann Arbor, it grew to become obvious that because of this emergence of motivation what used to be wanted used to be a complete point of view as to the cutting-edge of accomplishment conception. fulfillment conception had by way of now good handed its beginnings within the Fifties and Nineteen Sixties and used to be prepared for a composite presentation and profile of the hot examine and theories of motivation. therefore, this quantity used to be born. i need to take this chance to thank every one contribu­ tor to this e-book in addition to Robert L. Linn who seriously reviewed a number of of the manuscripts. thank you also are because of my former graduate advisors, Martin L. Maehr, Maurice Tatsuoka, and Harry Triandis, for the viewpoints given me in graduate tuition schooling which i am hoping have benefitted this lower than­ taking. Joyce Fitch did a superb joh typing a lot of those chapters and specific gratitude may be given to Judy Cadle companies, Inc. for the composition and proofing of this book.

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The results indicate that origin training affects the academic achievement of students in a positive way and that even a year after the training the effects are still measurable. In our most recent follow-up study we were able to show that origin training in 6th and 7th grades even affected the probability of these children graduating from high schoolS years after training. In our files we had data on 755 childn-'n some of whom had received 2 years of training (6th and 7th grades), some who had training one year (either 6th or 7th) and some who had no training.

The emotion laden atmosphere in which many discussions of assessment issues take place, has too often led to the creation of more heat than light. Several conclusions seem fairly evident, however. Current demands go beyond current measurement capabilities. The best present tests are imperfect assessment devices. Far too little is known about the variables that influence performance on achievement tests. There is a great need for research that will contribute to a better understanding of factors (such as motivation) that influence achievement patterns and to the development of better ways of assessing them.

A more thorough understanding of debilitating motivational processes and development of new ways of testing which minimize this form of test bias, then, may not only eliminate motivational test bias but may also lessen effects of some of the other forms of test bias minority/low-income children face. Developing Optimal Testing Conditions It is clear that negative motivation is related to low test performance for students of many sociocultural backgrounds on most (highly evaluative) achievement and othereducational tests.

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