By G. Walter Hansen
This ebook bargains a clean viewpoint on Paul's use of the Abraham tale in Galatians by means of supplying an intensive research of its epistolary and rhetorical contexts. partly I, parallels in Galatians to rebuke-request letters in Greek papyri function a foundation for dividing the letter into significant sections: Rebuke (1.6-4.11) and Request (3.12-6.10), the request formulation in 4.12 indicating a tremendous turning aspect within the letter. The Abraham argument (3.6-29) and the Hagar-Sarah allegory (4.12-31) can be considered as Paul's biblical rebuke and biblical allure respectively. Rhetorical research classifies 1.1-4.11 as forensic rhetoric, characterised by means of defence and accusations relating to prior activities, and 4.12-6.18 as deliberative rhetoric, marked through exhortation and dissuasion concerning destiny activities. partly II, exegetical research of 3.1-29 stresses the subordination of the Abraham argument to the framework supplied by means of Paul's expressions of the rebuke. inside this framework, the autobiographical part and the Abraham argument part are parallel advancements of the thesis assertion (1.11-12). either sections emphasize Paul's missiological hindrance to maintain the reality of the Gospel for the liberty of Gentile believers. research of 4.21-31 exhibits how the allegory capabilities in the request component to the letter as biblical help for the decision to withstand the troublemakers, atmosphere the degree for the authoritative attraction of 5.13-6.10. From the point of view supplied via this research, major implications which relate to broader theological concerns in Pauline theology are set forth; the functionality of Paul's doctrine of justification through religion because the foundation for his Gentile challenge, Paul's view of the Gentile church because the Israel of God, and the covenantal constitution of Paul's ethics which pertains to the reaction of religion to obedience within the divine will. 3 appendices assessment fresh dialogue of vital historical past matters: The Opponent's Use of the Abraham culture, Abraham in Jewish Literature, and Paul and Jewish Exegesis.
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Extra info for Abraham in Galatians: Epistolary and Rhetorical Contexts
1-5 are combined with the transitional use of the vocative (ft dvoriroi FaXdrai, v. 1), a request for information by the use of the verb of learning (GeAxo juaGeiv d(|) ujuiwv, v. 2), and a disclosure formula (FivcoGKere dpa o n , v. 7) which draws a conclusion from the 44 Abraham in Galatians introductory OT citation of Gen. 10. The following outline of the ©aujidCco-rebuke section of Galatians is derived from this analysis of the features common to letters and the epistolary conventions related to these features.
64 In Galatians, however, GaufidCoo takes the place of euxctpiarco and basically fulfils the same function of introducing the theme of the letter. The Rebuke Section A major turning point in Galatians is introduced by the word Gaujutd^co, a conventional term in the Greek papyrus letters (iii BC— AD iv)65 used to express astonishment, rebuke, disapproval, and disappointment. T. Mullins says that a letter writer who uses 'is rebuking, even scolding the addressee. He is not using in its common meaning; he is using it ironically, often sarcastically.
1. Epistolary Analysis I. 1-5 II. 11 A. 21 1. iv Asyoo 2. (()oi 3. 13 HKouaoce ydp xf\v e|if|v dvaaxpo(()Tiv B. 11 1. 1-5 2. 7 yivcocKere dpa o n 3. 11 III. 10 A. 12-20 1. 12 d8eXcj)oi, Seojjcu UJLKOV 2. 19 JJOO 53 54 Abraham in Galatians 3. 20 fjOeAov 8e napeivai npd<; uud<; ctpri B. 31 1. 21 Aeysre jioi oi uno vouov OeAovre? eivai 2. 31 C. 1-12 1. 2 16e eycb IlaOAo<; Asyco ujuiv o n 2. 3 jLiaprupojuai 6e ndXiv 3. 10 eyco nsnoiGa £t$ x>\ia<; ev Kupi^) o n D. 10 Vocative T|Liei<; y d p en sXeuOepto: 6KATJ9TIT6 d8eAx()oi IV.
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